I’m writing this in response to a comment I received on my previous post. It reads:
I have DN42 connected. When I ‘dig @172.23.0.53 chaos’ this returns SERVFAIL or REFUSED. Same with ChaosVPN and Anonet DNS.
What is .chaos TLD? Closed Shell System?
To my knowledge, there is no such thing as the top-level domain “.chaos.” That being said, I’m not surprised if someone is spreading this kind of misinformation around, because the same thing has happened in the past, with software that supposedly allows you to access “.lll or .rdos sites,” or “.clos sites.”
There is no such thing as a “closed shell system.” Whoever created that original “iceberg” misinfographic (the one located here: https://imgur.com/pj0jbtP) helped perpetuate the myth, by claiming that a “closed shell system” was required to reach deeper levels of the deep web. I know I’ll never convince everyone of this fact, so there will always be some people out there believing it.
On the other hand, if you create a hidden network of your own (like a VPN-based one), it’s possible that you can make up your own domain names for it, though they won’t be considered official ones by the Internet Assigned Names Authority (IANA). dn42, for example, has sites built on top of it with the domain name “.dn42.” ChaosVPN has sites built on it with the domain name “.hack,” and so on and so forth.
I mentioned this on an earlier post, but if you go to ICANN.org, they have a list of all the approved TLDs that exist right now: List of Top-Level Domains. There are also Pseudo-top-level domains, which are names for computer networks that don’t participate in the official DNS, and may or may not be part of the internet. This would include VPNs like dn42.
Connecting to dn42 is fairly simple, as you can reach it via tunnels from other networks, like OpenVPN, Tinc, or Edge. Full sets of instructions can be found here: dn42 how-to. That being said, if something doesn’t exist, you certainly can’t connect to it!
I think that the “closed shell system” concept might be a reference to Ghost in the Shell, or something along those lines, which, although interesting, is pure science fiction. Any network that exists has some way of accessing it, given the right hardware or software, and/or permissions.
Beyond that, just because it’s a hidden network doesn’t mean it has any special, secretive information on it. Hate to disappoint you!
Still, it could be interesting – just stay in the realm of reality, OK?
P.S. These are some of the existing networks/software that I know of, if you’re interesting in checking them out further: